Did you know that approximately 750 million people from around the globe don’t have access to clean water? That’s more than twice the population of the United States. Another sad truth is that about 840,000 people die due to polluted water every year.
Why is Water Important to the Body?
Water plays an important role. It serves as the main transportation system that supports circulation of all nutrients found in our body. It also regulates the temperature of the body, flushes out toxins, lubricates joints, and protects body organs and tissues.
Most Common Water-Related Diseases
Drinking contaminated water can have negative effects on the human body. Here are some of the most common diseases you may get from drinking polluted water:
The most common water-related disease around the world is diarrhea, with 4 billion cases every year. Dirty water, which contains different types of micro-organisms such as protozoans and bacteria, causes diarrhea. This condition can cause the electrolytes and water levels in the body to drop, resulting in dehydration. If dehydration is left untreated, the person may die.
Unfiltered water contains arsenic and other unwanted minerals. According to Kinetico Utah, unwanted minerals such as chlorine may cause dry skin.
Meanwhile, drinking water with arsenic that exceeds the maximum contaminant level set by the Environmental Protection Agency can cause arsenic poisoning. Over time, thiscan lead to skin keratosis and several types of cancer, including lung cancer and kidney cancer.
Cholera is another common water-related disease. Patients with cholera may experience severe diarrhea and acute dehydration, which can lead to death.
- Guinea Worm Disease
People are infected with guinea worm disease when they consume water contaminated with Dracunculus larvae. They stay in the body, grow up to a meter, and leave only after about a year. Patients with guinea worm disease may also suffer from debilitating ulcer.
Water helps the body in many ways. Unfortunately, anyone can be a victim of water-related diseases. Reduce your chances of dealing with water-related diseases by making sure water at home is safe.